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Universal Agreement Of Human Rights

19 Dic Universal Agreement Of Human Rights

In June 1946, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the newly created main UN body responsible for the promotion of human rights, established the Commission on Human Rights (Chr), a permanent body within the United Nations responsible for the preparation of an organization originally conceived as an international body. [21] It had 18 members from various national, religious and political backgrounds to be representative of humanity. [22] In February 1947, the Commission established a special committee for the development of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt of the United States, to draft the articles of the declaration. The committee met in two two-year sessions. In May 1948, about a year after its creation, the editorial board held its second and final session, during which it reviewed the observations and suggestions of Member States and international bodies, in particular the Freedom of Information Conference held in March and April; The Commission on the Status of Women, an agency within ECOSOC, which reported on the state of women`s rights around the world; and the Ninth International Conference of American States, held in Bogota, Colombia in the spring of 1948, which adopted the American Declaration on Human Rights and Duties, the world`s first universal international human rights instrument. [31] Delegates and advisors from several UN bodies, international organizations and non-governmental organizations also participated and presented proposals. [32] It was also hoped that, in addition to the declaration, an International Essa on the Declaration of Human Rights with the force of law could be developed and submitted for approval. [31] Humphrey is credited with developing the “project” for the declaration, while Cassin drafted the first draft. [27] Both received considerable contributions from other members, each reflecting different professional and ideological contexts. The family-friendly phrases of the statement are supposed to come from Cassin and Malik, who were influenced by the Christian Democrat movement; [28] Malik, a Christian theologian, was known to be challenging beyond religious boundaries and for various Christian sects. [29] Chang insisted that all references to religion be removed in order to make the document more universal and used aspects of Confucianism to resolve deadlocks in negotiations.

[30] The Chilean pedagogue and Judge Hernén Santa Cruz strongly supported the inclusion of socio-economic rights, which had been rejected by some Western nations. [29] (1) Everyone has the right to work, free choice of workplace, fair and favourable working conditions and protection from unemployment. (2) Every person is entitled, without discrimination, to equal pay for equal work. (3) Every person who works is entitled to a fair and favourable remuneration, which ensures human dignity for himself and his family, and which is supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. (4) Everyone has the right to create unions and join them in protecting their interests. The document was largely the work of Eleanor Roosevelt, as chair of the UN drafting commission. The creation of an organization to unite the nations of the world was a dream of her late husband, President Franklin Roosevelt, and she considered the development of an international law on rights to be crucial to this work.

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