21 Dic Which Of These Was Formed To Create Mutual Defense Agreement
The authors also discussed the invitation of Italy, Greece, Turkey, Portugal, Iceland and the Scandinavian countries, mainly because of their strategic value. Italy, Portugal and Iceland were founding members and, finally, Greece and Turkey joined the Alliance in 1952. Iceland joined Denmark and Norway, which were also founding members in 1949; Sweden, for its part, has categorically refused to have links with NATO because it has been heavily involved in neutrality. Political dialogue with Japan began in 1990 and since then the Alliance has gradually strengthened its contacts with countries that are not part of one of these cooperation initiatives. In 1998, NATO established a set of general guidelines that do not formally institutionalize relations, but reflect the Desire of the Allies to strengthen cooperation. After a wide debate, the term “contact country” was agreed by the Allies in 2000. Until 2012, the Alliance had expanded the group, which meets to discuss topics such as anti-piracy and technology exchanges, as “partners around the world” or “global partners.” On April 4, 1949, the 12 countries signed the North Atlantic Treaty at the Washington D.C. Auditorium Department, the city that gave the treaty its name. In June 2018, Qatar expressed its desire to join NATO. However, NATO opposed accession and said that, in accordance with Article 10 of NATO`s founding treaty, only other European countries could join. Qatar and NATO have already signed a security agreement together in January 2018. Between 1947 and 1948, a series of events led Western Europeans to be concerned about their physical and political security and the United States to take more care of European affairs.
The continuing civil war in Greece and tensions in Turkey led President Harry S. Truman to say that the United States would provide economic and military assistance to both countries, as well as to any other nation fighting an attempt at submission. A coup in Soviet-backed Czechoslovakia led to the coming to power of a communist government on Germany`s borders. Attention was also focused on the elections in Italy, with the Communist Party recording a marked increase among Italian voters. In addition, events in Germany have also caused confusion. Germany`s occupation and governance after the war were long controversial, and in mid-1948 Soviet Prime Minister Josef Stalin decided to test the West`s resolve by imposing a blockade against West Berlin, then under the common control of the United States, Britain and France, but surrounded by the Soviet RDR. The Berlin crisis brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of conflict, although a massive airlift to power the city during the blockade helped to avoid a proper confrontation. These events have led U.S. officials to be increasingly cautious about how Western European countries could deal with their security problems through negotiations with the Soviets.
To counter this possible twist, the Truman administration considered the possibility of forming a Euro-American alliance that would force the United States to strengthen the security of Western Europe. The Mutual Defence Support Act created the Mutual Assistance Program, which became an integral part of the federal government`s policy to curb Soviet expansion. This program differed from the Lend Lease program of the Second World War in that it had never required a refund from the country receiving military assistance.